Computer programming

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Computer programming (often shortened to programming) is a process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs.


Programming involves activities such as:

  • Analysis
  • Developing understanding
  • Generating algorithms
  • Verification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption
  • Implementation (commonly referred to as coding) of algorithms in a programming language.

Source code

Source code is written in one or more programming languages (such as JavaScript, PHP, Python, Ruby, etc.).

Automation of tasks and problem solving

The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.

Areas of expertise

The process of programming thus often requires expertise in many different subjects, including:

Related tasks

Related programming tasks include:

  • Testing
  • Debugging
  • Maintainenance of source code
  • Implementation of the build system
  • Management of derived artifacts such as machine code of computer programs

These might be considered part of the programming process, but often the term "software development" is used for this larger process. The terms "programming", "implementation", or "coding" are commonly reserved for the actual writing of source code.

Software engineering

Software engineering combines engineering techniques with software development practices.

Development environment

See Integrated development environment.

Event-driven programming

See Event-driven programming.

See Also

External Links